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Moving Toward a Cleaner, Safer, Healthier Environment

Cleaner Lands


President Bush is committed to the "polluter pays" principle, which requires the parties responsible for a Superfund site to pay for the full cost of cleanup. Approximately 70 percent of Superfund sites are paid for by responsible parties. In cases where the responsible party either cannot be found or is no longer in business, the Superfund pays for cleanup; currently, about 30 percent of Superfund sites are such "orphan" sites. EPA is conducting a management review and has asked the National Advisory Council on Environmental Policy and Technology to identify ways to improve Superfund, maximize resources available for cleanups, and effectively address the largest, more complex sites.


  • From FY 2001 through FY 2003, 129 Superfund sites completed cleanup (47 in FY 2001; 42 in FY 2002; 40 in FY 2003).
  • The Administration is now addressing the largest, most complex sites that remain on the National Priorities List.
  • Of the $203 million in civil penalties recovered by the U.S. Department of Justice in 2003, $4.3 million was assessed for violations of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA), the law that governs Superfund.
  • The President's FY 2005 budget provides $1.4 billion for the Superfund, a $124 million (10 percent) increase over the 2004 appropriations. This increase includes a nearly 50 percent boost targeted for the Superfund's remedial program construction budget, which will allow 8-12 additional clean-up starts in 2005 and a similar number of additional completions by 2006.



Cleaner Air

Addressing Global Climate Change

Cleaner Water

Cleaner Lands

Healthier Ecosystems

A Cleaner, Healthier World Community

Healthier People

President Bush’s Performance-Based FY 2005 Budget


September 2004