Defines the structure of a file. There are hundreds of formats, and every application has many different variations (database, word processing, graphics, executable program, etc.). Each format defines its own layout of the data. The file format for text is the simplest.
- Electronic Data Interchange (EDI)
Defines the structure for transferring data between enterprises. EDI is mainly used for purchase-related information. ANSI X.12 refers to the approved EDI standards.
- eXtensible Markup Language (XML)
XML has emerged as the standard format for web data, and is beginning to be used as a common data format at all levels of the architecture. Many specialized vocabularies of XML are being developed to support specific Government and Industry functions.
Namespaces are qualified references to URI (Uniform Resource Identifier) resources within XML documents.
- XML Linking Language (XLINK)
A language used to modify XML documents to include links, similar to hyperlinks, between resources. XLINK provides richer XML content through advanced linking integration with information resources.