Human Resource Management involves all activities associated with the recruitment and management of personnel.
- Labor Relations
Manages the relationship between the agency and its unions and bargaining units. This includes negotiating and administering labor contracts and collective bargaining agreements; managing negotiated grievances; and participating in negotiated third party proceedings.
- HR Strategy
Develops effective human capital management strategies to ensure federal organizations are able to recruit, select, develop, train, and manage a high-quality, productive workforce in accordance with merit system principles. This sub-function includes: conducting both internal and external environmental scans; developing human resources and human capital strategies and plans; establishing human resources policy and practices; managing current and future workforce competencies; developing workforce plans; developing succession plans; managing the human resources budget; providing human resources and human capital consultative support; and measuring and improving human resources performance.
- Staff Acquisition
Establishes procedures for recruiting and selecting high-quality, productive employees with the right skills and competencies, in accordance with merit system principles. This sub-function includes: developing a staffing strategy and plan; establishing an applicant evaluation approach; announcing the vacancy, sourcing and evaluating candidates against the competency requirements for the position; initiating pre-employment activities; and hiring employees.
- Organization and Position Management
Designs, develops, and implements organizational and position structures that create a high-performance, competency-driven framework that both advances the agency mission and serves agency human capital needs.
- Compensation Management
Designs, develops, and implements compensation programs that attract, retain and fairly compensate agency employees. In addition, designs, develops, and implements pay for performance compensation programs to recognize and reward high performance, with both base pay increases and performance bonus payments. This sub-function includes: developing and implementing discretionary, alternative, and non-discretionary compensation programs; administering bonus and monetary awards programs; administering pay changes; managing time, attendance, leave and pay; and managing payroll.
- Benefits Management
Designs, develops, and implements benefit programs that attract, retain and support current and former agency employees. This sub-function includes: establishing and communicating benefits programs; processing benefits actions; and interacting as necessary with third party benefits providers.
- Employee Development and Performance Management
Designs, develops, and implements a comprehensive employee development approach to ensure that agency employees have the right competencies and skills for current and future work assignments. Designs, develops, and implements a comprehensive performance management strategy that enables managers to make distinctions in performance and links individual performance to agency goal and mission accomplishment. This sub-function also includes conducting employee development needs assessments; designing employee development (e.g., training) programs; administering and delivering employee development programs; managing employee performance; and evaluating the overall effectiveness of the agency’s employee development approach.
- Employee Relations
Designs, develops, and implements programs that strive to maintain an effective employer-employee relationship that balance the agency's needs against its employees' rights. This sub-function includes: addressing employee misconduct; addressing employee performance problems; managing administrative grievances; providing employee accommodation; administering employees assistance programs; participating in administrative third party proceedings; and determining candidate/employee suitability based on information collected outside of the HR process (e.g., background investigation, drug testing, etc.).
- Separation Management
Conducts efficient and effective employee separation programs that assist employees in transitioning to non-Federal employment; facilitates the removal of unproductive, non-performing employees; and assists employees in transitioning to retirement.