President George W. Bush hosts a visit from Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo to the Oval Office May 11, 2001. White House photo by Eric Draper.
President Bush has met with 25 African heads of state in his first two years in office, more than any previous president.
In Africa, promise and opportunity sit side by side with disease, war, and desperate poverty. This threatens both a core value of the United States preserving human dignityand our strategic prioritycombating global terror. American interests and American principles, therefore, lead in the same direction: we will work with others for an African continent that lives in liberty, peace, and growing prosperity.
Together with our European allies, we must help strengthen Africas fragile states, help build indigenous capability to secure porous borders, and help build up the law enforcement and intelligence infrastructure to deny havens for terrorists. An ever more lethal environment exists in Africa as local civil wars spread beyond borders to create regional war zones. Forming coalitions of the willing and cooperative security arrangements are key to confronting these emerging transnational threats.
Africa: National Security Strategy
Africas great size and diversity requires a security strategy that focuses on bilateral engagement and builds coalitions of the willing. This Administration will focus on three interlocking strategies for the region:
countries with major impact on their neighborhood such as South Africa, Nigeria, Kenya, and Ethiopia are anchors for regional engagement and require focused attention
coordination with European allies and international institutions is essential for constructive conflict mediation and successful peace operations; and
Africas capable reforming states and sub-regional organizations must be strengthened as the primary means to address transnational threats on a sustained basis.
Ultimately the path of political and economic freedom presents the surest route to progress in sub-Saharan Africa, where most wars are conflicts over material resources and political access often tragically waged on the basis of ethnic and religious difference.
The transition to the African Union with its stated commitment to good governance and a common responsibility for democratic political systems offers opportunities to strengthen democracy on the continent.
The Bush Plan
Transform the continent from an area characterized by:
Dissatisfied youth and extremists
Operational bases for global terrorists
Cultivating Africa's Pearls
Africas Pearls Botswana, Senegal, Mozambique, Ghana, Mali, Uganda, and Kenya.
Strengthen democratic institutions and free markets in Africa.
Assist Africans to reap the benefits of open trade by providing economic support for trade capacity building, and technical assistance to meet import standards.
Africa Growth and Opportunity Act
President Bush announced the AGOA forum on May 16, 2001
Forum held at the State Department on October 29-30.
The President, Secretaries of State, Treasury, and Commerce, Agriculture, National Security Advisor, USAID Administrator and Ministerial counterparts from 35 African countries participated in the forum.
Discussed ways to build trade capacity with Africa to fully implement AGOA
HIV / AIDS
AIDS alone has left at least 11 million orphans in sub-Sahara Africa.
The Bush Administration launched the Global AID Fund and initially contributed $200 M. Today the Administration has committed $500M for FY02 and 03.
The Administration is providing approximately $1B in FY02 and 03 for global HIV/AIDS.