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31. Environmental Protection Agency


Highlights of 2002 Funding

  • Provides more than $1 billion in grants for States and Tribes to administer environmental programs, the highest level in the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) history.

  • Funds EPA's Operating Program, which comprises its core regulatory, research, and enforcement activities, at $3.7 billion the second highest level ever, and higher than 2001 if unrequested projects are excluded.

  • Provides wastewater grants to States at a level $500 million more than requested by the previous Administration for 2001, and directs a portion of those grants to newly authorized sewer overflow control grants.



Under this Administration, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) will work for the American people to protect the air, land, and water, while building on the premise that environmental protection and economic prosperity should go hand in hand. EPA will also work to provide more flexibility to States and local communities to craft solutions that meet their unique situations. For example, Brownfields (abandoned industrial sites) should be cleaned to protect human health and the environment, while allowing affordable cleanups and flexible approaches. Legal obstacles to cleanups should be removed, the Brownfields tax incentive made permanent, and Federal financial assistance made more effective by cutting red tape and reforming existing funding mechanisms. Brownsfield cleanup and redevelopment is important because it revitalizes urban communities by improving public health and environmental conditions, boosting local property tax rolls, and providing jobs.

Redirected Resources

EPA's 2002 proposed funding level of $7.3 billion is $56 million more than the previous Administration's 2001 request. The $499 million reduction from the enacted 2001 level is almost entirely due to the elimination of unrequested earmarks. These reductions are being taken Government-wide and are consistent with EPA's historic practices. EPA's Operating Program, the core of its regulatory, research, and enforcement activities, is funded at $3.7 billion, the second highest level in EPA history. Included within the Operating Program totals, EPA's program grants to State and Tribal governments are funded at the highest level ever, at more than $1 billion. These grants help States and Tribes administer programs delegated to States and Tribes under Federal environmental statutes.

Wastewater grants to States are funded at $1.3 billion, which is $500 million more than requested by the previous Administration for 2001. The Clean Water State Revolving Loan Fund will be funded consistent with EPA's long-standing $2 billion per year revolving fund goal. To address Federal mandates to control the biggest remaining municipal wastewater problem, the EPA will request that a portion of these funds be used for the newly authorized sewer overflow control grants.

EPA will also redirect resources to develop new, more effective methods to achieve environmental progress. EPA will set high standards for environmental protection, make those expectations clear, and focus on results and performance. To reach those goals, EPA will place a greater emphasis on innovative approaches to environmental protection, such as market-based incentives. EPA will also achieve savings by maintaining workyears at the current onboard level.

Potential Reforms

The Federal Government will continue to play a crucial role in environmental protection, and EPA will seek higher levels of cooperation among stakeholders. Currently, the States enforce most environmental laws through delegated State programs. It is estimated that more than 80 percent of environmental enforcement actions and more than 97 percent of environmental inspections are done by the States. An alternative way to supplement State enforcement efforts would be to increase State enforcement grants. Such a transfer would not jeopardize the EPA's ability to continue enforcement of non-delegated programs or to oversee delegated programs. Further, this would allow States to prioritize their enforcement needs and determine the proper mix between compliance assistance and prosecution.

In addition, this Administration's EPA will place an emphasis on making better and more appropriate use of information and analysis. The Inspector General, the General Accounting Office, the National Academy of Public Administration, and the Environmental Council of the States have all identified the lack of performance information to hold programs accountable and inform decisions as a top management challenge. EPA will aggressively address this issue.

In addition, EPA intends to improve the role of science in decision-making by having scientific information and analysis help in directing policy and establishing priorities. The EPA will also enhance its approach to environmental information by making data collection and management more efficient and more accurate, reduce paperwork for regulated entities, and standardize business practices. Currently, Federal environmental data are in separate, single-media systems (air, water, solid and hazardous waste). These data cannot be easily integrated. Several innovative States have begun a better way to manage environmental information. These States are reducing the cost of collecting, managing, and using environmental information through integration and consolidation of data. Reforming the EPA's approach to data collection will facilitate results-based management and multimedia approaches, enable data-sharing across programs, improve access to information, and integrate geographic information. EPA will request $25 million in grant funding to help States better integrate their environmental information systems.

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