For Immediate Release
Office of the Press Secretary
August 1, 2004
Remarks by Secretary of Homeland Security Tom Ridge Regarding Recent Threat Reports
Secretary Ridge: Good afternoon, ladies and gentleman. President
Bush has told you, and I have reiterated the promise, that when we have
specific credible information, that we will share it. Now this
afternoon, we do have new and unusually specific information about
where al-Qaeda would like to attack. And as a result, today, the United
States Government is raising the threat level to Code Orange for the
financial services sector in New York City, Northern New Jersey and
Since September 11th, 2001, leaders of our commercial financial
institutions have demonstrated exceptional leadership in improving its
security. However, in light of new intelligence information, we have
made the decision to raise the threat level for this sector, in these
communities, to bring protective resources to an even higher level.
This will allow us to increase protection in and around those
buildings that require it, and also raise awareness for employees, and
residents, and customers, and visitors. We know, and we know from
experience, that increased physical protection and added vigilance from
citizens can thwart a terrorist attack. And that is our goal.
Now this is the first time we have chosen to use the Homeland
Security Advisory System in such a targeted way. Compared to previous
threat reporting, these intelligence reports have provided a level of
detail that is very specific. The quality of this intelligence, based
on multiple reporting streams in multiple locations, is rarely seen and
it is alarming in both the amount and specificity of the information.
Now while we are providing you with this immediate information, we
will also continue to update you as the situation unfolds. As of now,
this is what we know: reports indicate that al-Qaeda is targeting
several specific buildings, including the International Monetary Fund
and World Bank in the District of Columbia; Prudential Financial in
Northern New Jersey; and Citigroup buildings and the New York Stock
Exchange in New York. Let me assure you; let me reassure you, actions
to further strengthen security around these buildings are already
underway. Additionally, we're concerned about targets beyond these and
are working to get more information about them.
Senior leadership across the Department of Homeland Security, in
coordination with the White House, the CIA, the FBI, and other federal
agencies, have been in constant contact with the governors, the mayors,
and the homeland security advisors of the affected locations I just
We have talked with the executive leadership of the companies that
own these businesses and operate these buildings - the people who know
these facilities best. We have told them that, at this time, there is
no information that indicates a specific time for these attacks beyond
the period leading up to our national elections.
Of course, just because we know where - but not precisely when -
that does not mean that we cannot take pre-emptive action. Just the
opposite: when collection activities provide specific information, we
can tailor security measures to the particular vulnerabilities of those
Now understandably, security measures at each facility will not be
uniform in nature, given the scope and the scale of building
architecture, access to and from roads and other variables. Certainly,
we will not broadcast our security intentions to our enemies.
But you may expect to see special buffer zones to secure the
perimeter of the buildings from unauthorized cars and trucks;
restrictions to affected underground parking; security personnel using
identification badges and digital photos to keep track of people
entering and exiting buildings; increased law enforcement presence, and
even robust screening of vehicles, and packages, and deliveries.
These and other security measures, both seen and unseen, create
added layers of protection to an already vigorous security effort
around this country. So let me be clear: While we have raised the
threat level for the financial services sector in the affected
communities, the rest of the nation remains at an elevated, or Code
Yellow, risk of terrorist attack.
Rest assured, rest assured that the most talented security
professionals and law enforcement professionals around this country are
working hard every single day to protect all regions of the country and
all sectors of our economy.
Now over the course of the last year, and since the horrific day of
9-11, more permanent protections are in place than ever before. I
suspect that many of you have seen them. They have become part of our
daily life: additional airport security, including screenings, and air
marshals, and hardened cockpit doors. You've seen more visible law
enforcement officers on trains, and subways, and other transportation
systems. You've seen increased inspections at our nation's ports or at
our border crossings.
And this summer, given the volume of symbolic events and large
gatherings, we have ramped up protective measures more than ever
before. Let me paint a partial picture: thousands of radiological
pagers have been given to law enforcement around the country, and more
are on their way. At work are more HAZMAT technicians, undercover
agents, and emergency response teams, and more K-9 units capable of
detecting explosives and weapons of mass destruction. Advanced air
monitoring technologies that can check for biological pathogens are
operating in key locations.
Now, along with smart security professionals, these technologies
helped bring the Democratic National Convention to a safe conclusion.
The state-of- the-art equipment like this is now being installed to
protect the Republican National Convention in New York later this year.
This equipment and added personnel will bolster security measures
already being put in place right at Madison Square Garden and
throughout the transportation systems in New York City.
These added security measures mean that from curb to the cockpit,
at our ports of entry and borders in between; in our public places and
cyberspace; on air, and land, and sea.we are better protected than we
ever have been before.
We bring you this information today, and, again, will continue to
update you if new specific information becomes available. Because with
this kind of information comes action.
There is much we can each do to remain vigilant, to be on watch, to
be aware of unusual patterns or vehicles, and to report suspicious
And so this afternoon, I ask our citizens for their watchful eyes as
we continue to monitor this situation.
I certainly realize that this is sobering news, not just about the
intent of our enemies, but of their specific plans and a glimpse into
But we must understand that the kind of information available to us
today is the result of the President's leadership in the war against
terror. The reports that have led to this alert are the result of
offensive intelligence and military operations overseas, as well as
strong partnerships with our allies around the world, such as Pakistan.
Such operations and partnerships give us insight into the enemy so we
can better target our defensive measures here and away from home
The terrorists should know, in this country, this kind of
information, while startling, is not stifling. It will not weaken the
American spirit, it will not dampen our resolve, for our resolve is
indivisible - and unyielding - which is a weapon infinitely stronger
than the plots and the plans of those who wish to do us harm.
Al-Qaeda wants to intimidate us and prevent us from enjoying our
lives and exercising our freedoms. And yet, liberty has no greater
protector than the collective will of the American people. So, together
let us take inspiration from this strength, and use it to our utmost to
keep our great nation safe and free.
Thank you very much.
Question: Mr. Secretary, would you say it's fair to say that what
has been uncovered here is a specific plot?
Secretary Ridge: I think it's fair to say that we have more
specific information about potential targets that I think you can
conclude maybe the subject of a particular plot. Again, what is
extraordinary about these particular sites is the considerable detail
and quality of information regarding those sites.
So again, we have no specific information that says an attack is
eminent, but given the specificity and the quality of information
around these sites, obviously one would conclude, if you were
considering a potential attack, these might be among the targets.
Question: Mr. Secretary, can you say how the apprehension of the
one with the South African passport in Texas factored into this? Was
she a catalyst behind the threat report that you're talking about?
Secretary Ridge: Well first of all, that investigation is still
on-going. The FBI's doing a great job following it, but to date, based
on what we know in that investigation, there's no connection between
that individual that was apprehended at the border to the information
in the targeting that I've discussed with you this afternoon.
Question: Mr. Secretary, does the intelligence indicate basically
physical threats against these institutions or an electronic attack to
screw up or fuzz bust, or whatever you want say, electronic commerce
among the financial sector?
Secretary Ridge: I think when we look at infrastructure protection
there are three concerns that we would have: the physical destruction,
the cyber involvement, or perhaps those inside might cause damage or
The analytical piece that's associated with this, which suggests
that based on what we've gleamed so far, the preferred method of
attack, or what's being suggested in the reporting, is car and truck
bombs; the physical destruction or attempted physical destruction or
attempted physical destruction of these facilities.
Question: Do any of these security measures portend a disruption
inadvertent of the financial markets or any financial impact? Will they
be transparent to traders and those that use the markets?
Secretary Ridge: I think, I'm not quite sure I understand the
question, let me try to answer it this way. These are significant
institutions that relate to our leadership role in the international
economy, but to a certain extent it's really not, even the destruction
of a single building, is not going to undermine the greatest and
strongest economy in the world. So to a certain extent they're almost
They're visible targets perhaps known around the rest of the world,
but the fact of the matter is, as I've said before, the financial
services industries, since 9-11 has built in systems of protection and
protection of the systems that help regulate and help control the
equity markets, the flow of currency, and around the entire world.
Question: Can you talk a little bit more about the nature of the
intelligence? You said specific, credible, and multiple sources. Is it
coming from interrogations, the internet, perceptions?
Secretary Ridge: I will tell you that there are, and just to stay
consistent with what I said before, multiple locations, multiple
sources and you can read into that that because of, again, I think it's
very important to point out, most of those sources are related to the
extraordinary offensive effort we've taken overseas.
Playing strong offensive overseas in many different ways: the
military; the CIA; the partnerships, our global partners, gives us the
capability to prepare better defense back home.
Question: Were the recent arrests in Pakistan a contributing, a key
contributing factor to the information flows you're getting now?
Secretary Ridge: Well we will not comment on the specific sources,
but let me just go back again and say the coalition that we have built,
and the alliances we have built have been instrumental and very much a
part in our intelligence gathering operations.
Question: Mr. Secretary, what are you advising the people who work
at these business to do? Tomorrow's a work day; should they go to work,
should they stay away?
Secretary Ridge: We have talked to the security professionals at
those buildings and the leadership, and I think the employees most
appropriately would get guidance from their employer.
I would like to think, as sobering and as difficult as this news
is, and the kind of anxiety that it would generate, that the folks that
work at those particular sites, or stroll through the neighborhood
through those streets, would have the resolve and maybe a little bit of
defiance to say, well, we know what you know and we're going to about
leading our lives so we're not going to let threats or this kind of
information turn us into fortress America. We're going to keep on being
Question: Secretary Ridge, related to the targets in New York City,
do have any information that would connect this plot to pre-election
threats you've talked about or more specifically the upcoming
Republican convention in New York City?
Secretary Ridge: Well the consistent reporting stream, and I think
it was back on July 8th when we had a press conference here where we
talked about several sources that generally had discussed a possibility
of attacking us during - to try to undermine our democratic process,
and I think one could reasonably infer that this could be part of that
effort, but I don't think you necessarily should put a timeframe around
when these targets, if they were ultimately the subject of an attack,
would be attacked.
I mean given the specificity of the information, you've got to
appreciate that and consider that in light of the broader general
threat to try to disrupt the democratic process, but I don't think you
could conclude that it's framed in that fashion, and I think I'll let,
on background, some of the intelligence folks explain it in greater
Question: Do you have any reason to think other financial centers
like Chicago, San Francisco, or Los Angeles are at higher risk now than
Secretary Ridge: At this juncture the answer is no, but I also have
to reiterate the fact that there are multiple sources and we're doing
everything we can to analyze the information, and if we would have the
same kind and quality of information, as I've told over 200 people in a
conference call that I had just before we came here, a lot of the
Homeland Security advisors and those from around the country, we would
share it with them in the same fashion.
Question: Mr. Secretary, I thought that New York was already on an
Orange alert level. So are they now, the financial institutions, going
to Red, the highest?
Secretary Ridge: I think you're right in saying that, historically,
New York has maintained, sustains a general higher level of alert in
vigilance than most cities. I think if you ask Commissioner Kelly and
Mayor Bloomberg they'd say, "We have the highest level of vigilance,
and the highest level of awareness, and the highest level of security."
But on top of that, they'll be working particularly with the
companies that own these specific locations, reviewing the
vulnerabilities, taking a look at what additional protective measures
they should put, or could put in place, given the reporting. So I don't
think they're necessarily going to take - you'll have to ask
Commissioner Kelly, I don't think he's necessarily going to take the
The level of security New York City is not only higher, they call
they're level now Orange, but remember, for the past couple of months,
an administration-wide effort has taken place, and a lot of those
initiatives are in addition to what New York puts in place
On top of that, you can add a third layer, and that's the layer of
security that we have brought into play because of the Republican
convention, the same level of security; more people, more technology
associated with the convention.
So you've got a higher base line for New York, initiatives that
we've undertaken with them during the past several months and on top of
that, independent of the first, even more security, people, and
technology because the convention's going to be there. So New York City
is a very high level of security right now.
Question: This is a new approach for Homeland Security to sort of
target particular cities and sectors and say this is the areas we're
raising to Orange, not the entire country.
Is this sort of surgical approach, something you expect to do more
of in the future considering the financial cost to the rest of the
Secretary Ridge: Well we have announced a change in the threat
level about a half a dozen times, and I think we've tried to explain to
the public that one, we know it raises the level of anxiety. We also
know that it imposes certain costs on communities because much of the
response is labor intensive. We also said all along that if we had the
opportunity based on specific and credible information we could apply
And here we have, according to the reporting we have available now,
a fairly confined area and a fairly specific, not exclusively, but a
fairly specific sector of the economy. I mean these weren't the only
targets, but again, a fairly specific sector of the economy. So I think
it demonstrates, if nothing else, the flexibility and appropriate
application of focus and resources where we need it most and when we
need it, and that's now.
Question: Mr. Secretary, so we're talking about a specific
geographical area and not, when you say financial services sector you
mean a specific geographical area of New York, correct?
Secretary Ridge: Well when we take a look at the Northern New
Jersey, New York City, and Washington, D.C., you can see what the
institutions represent from the list I gave you, both domestic and
international major institutions. There are other - I think it's
reasonable to infer from that that for the time being targeting,
targets of economic opportunity or iconic economic targets are at the
heart their interests, and therefore, until we get more information,
because we're still rolling out more information, still getting more
information, still analyzing more information, we just thought confined
area, financial sector seems to be the primary focus. Let's raise it to
Orange, review vulnerabilities, and assess protective measures, even at
other financial institutions that may not be on the list just as a
precautionary measure. It seems to indicate a clear intent and until we
can conclude otherwise we think it's best to move in that direction.
Thank you very much.