For Immediate Release
Office of the Press Secretary
July 30, 2002
Remarks by the President at Signing of H.R. 3763, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
The East Room
10:15 A.M. EDT
THE PRESIDENT: Thank you very much. Welcome to the White House,
and welcome to this historic occasion.
During the past year the American economy has faced several sudden
challenges, and proven its great resiliency. Terrorists attacked the
center and symbol of our prosperity. A recession cost many American
workers their jobs. And now corporate corruption has struck at
investor confidence, offending the conscience of our nation. Yet, in
the aftermath of September the 11th, we refuse to allow fear to
undermine our economy. And we will not allow fraud to undermine it
With well-timed tax cuts we fought our way out of recession and
back to economic growth. And now with a tough new law we will act
against those who have shaken confidence in our markets, using the full
authority of government to expose corruption, punish wrongdoers and
defend the rights and interests of American workers and investors.
My administration pressed for greater corporate integrity. A
united Congress has written it into law. And today I sign the most
far-reaching reforms of American business practices since the time of
Franklin Delano Roosevelt. This new law sends very clear messages that
all concerned must heed. This law says to every dishonest corporate
leader: you will be exposed and punished; the era of low standards and
false profits is over; no boardroom in America is above or beyond the
This law says to honest corporate leaders: your integrity will be
recognized and rewarded, because the shadow of suspicion will be lifted
from good companies that respect the rules.
This law says to corporate accountants: the high standards of your
profession will be enforced without exception; the auditors will be
audited; the accountants will be held to account.
This law says to shareholders that the financial information you
receive from a company will be true and reliable, for those who
deliberately sign their names to deception will be punished.
This law says to workers: we will not tolerate reckless practices
that artificially drive up stock prices and eventually destroy the
companies, and the pensions, and your jobs.
And this law says to every American: there will not be a different
ethical standard for corporate America than the standard that applies
to everyone else. The honesty you expect in your small businesses, or
in your workplaces, in your community or in your home, will be expected
and enforced in every corporate suite in this country.
I commend the Congress for passing a strong set of reforms. I
particularly thank Senator Paul Sarbanes and Congressman Mike Oxley.
Both are very thoughtful, and were persistent voices for reform. They
are true advocates of corporate integrity. I appreciate their working
together to send a signal to the rest of the country that it's possible
in Washington, D.C. to set aside partisan differences and to do what's
right for the American people. I also appreciate the bipartisan
leadership in the Congress, and I particularly thank Senator Daschle
and Senator Lott who are with us here today.
I want to thank members of my Cabinet who worked on this bill:
Secretary of Treasury O'Neill and Attorney General Ashcroft, Secretary
Evans, Secretary Chao. I appreciate the FBI Director being here, along
with the Chairman of Securities and Exchange Commission, Harvey Pitt.
I appreciate the Corporate Fraud Task Force members who are here. I
want to assure the American people, they're just getting started.
America's system of free enterprise, with all its risk and all its
rewards is a strength of our country, and a model for the world. Yet
free markets are not a jungle in which only the unscrupulous survive,
or a financial free-for-all guided only by greed. The fundamentals of
a free market -- buying and selling, saving and investing --
require clear rules and confidence in basic fairness.
The only risks, the only fair risks are based on honest
information. Tricking an investor into taking a risk is theft by
another name. Corporate executives must set an ethical tone for their
companies. They must understand the skepticism Americans feel and take
action to set clear standards of right and wrong. Those who break the
rules tarnish a great economic system that provides opportunity for
Their actions hurt workers who committed their lives to building
the company that hired them. Their actions hurt investors and retirees
who placed their faith in the promise of growth and integrity. For the
sake of our free economy, those who break the law -- break the rules
of fairness, those who are dishonest, however wealthy or successful
they may be, must pay a price.
Today, we are taking practical steps to encourage honest enterprise
in our nation. Under this law, CEOs and chief financial officers must
personally vouch for the truth and fairness of their companies'
disclosures. Those financial disclosures will be broader and better
for the sake of shareholders and investors.
Corporate officials will play by the same rules as their
employees. In the periods when workers are prevented from buying and
selling stock in their pensions or 401(k)s, corporate officials will
also be barred from any buying or selling.
Corporate misdeeds will be found and will be punished. This law
authorizes new funding for investigators and technology at the
Securities and Exchange Commission to uncover wrongdoing. The SEC will
now have the administrative authority to bar dishonest directors and
officers from ever again serving in positions of corporate
responsibility. The penalties for obstructing justice and shredding
documents are greatly increased. Corporate crime will no longer pay.
CEOs who profit by betraying the public trust will be forced to return
those gains to investors. And the maximum prison term for common types
of fraud has quadrupled from five to 20 years.
For the first time, the accounting profession will be regulated by
an independent board. This board will set clear standards to uphold
the integrity of public audits, and have the authority to investigate
abuses and discipline offenders. And auditing firms will no longer be
permitted to provide consulting services that create conflicts of
This law gives my administration new tools for enforcement. We
will use them to the fullest. We will continue to investigate, arrest
and prosecute corporate officials who break the law. The Corporate
Fraud Task Force I established is now hard at work, overseeing
investigations of alleged fraud and insider trading. More than 200
federal prosecutors are at work detecting and punishing corporate
crimes. Every corporate official who has chosen to commit a crime can
expect to face the consequences. No more easy money for corporate
criminals, just hard time.
As the work of enforcement proceeds, I hope Congress will join me
in other important efforts to protect the savings and investments of
Americans preparing for retirement. We've seen how workers can lose a
lifetime of savings overnight, locked into pension plans without
adequate choices and information.
Workers should be able to sell company stock and diversify into
other investments after three years in their own company's plan. They
should receive updates on their retirement accounts, not once a year,
but every three months. They should have access to sound investment
advice. I have proposed pension protection reforms; the House has
passed them. I hope the Senate takes them up soon.
We must also work together to promote more growth in the economy
and jobs for the American people. The fundamentals of our economy are
sound. After all, sales of automobiles and new houses are on the
rise. New unemployment claims have been falling since April.
Inflation is low, productivity is increasing, and growth continues.
Those are signs of strength in our economy, and with the right policies
we can build on it.
We must continue to work to control federal spending, and make the
tax cuts permanent, so Americans can save and plan for their own
future. We must tear down trade barriers, so people everywhere can buy
American. We must make terrorism insurance available to spur more
And on energy, we must encourage conservation through new
technology and produce more energy at home, to give our economy safe
and steady sources of power, and make our country less reliant upon
foreign sources of power.
The attacks against our economy in the last year have caused deep
hardship, and highlighted the economy's fundamental strength. The
American economy is more diverse and more innovative than ever before.
And its greatest strength, the people who make it work, are better
trained and more productive and more highly skilled than ever before.
Whenever we face challenges, from the fear that threatened our
economy after September the 11th to the fraud that threatens investor
confidence today, we've tackled them head on. The American economy
depends on fairness and honesty. The vast majority of businesses
uphold those values. With this law, we have new tools to enforce those
values, and we will use those tools aggressively to defend our free
enterprise system against corruption and crime.
It is now my honor to sign the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
(The bill is signed.)
END 10:28 A.M. EDT