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February 12, 2007
Homeland Security Presidential Directive/HSPD-19
Subject: Combating Terrorist Use of Explosives in the United States
Purpose(1) This directive establishes a national policy, and calls for the development of a national strategy and implementation plan, on the prevention and detection of, protection against, and response to terrorist use of explosives in the United States.
(2) In this directive:
(3) Terrorists have repeatedly shown their willingness and ability to use explosives as weapons worldwide, and there is ample intelligence to support the conclusion that they will continue to use such devices to inflict harm. The threat of explosive attacks in the United States is of great concern considering terrorists' ability to make, obtain, and use explosives, the ready availability of components used in IED construction, the relative technological ease with which an IED can be fashioned, and the nature of our free society.
(4) It is the policy of the United States to counter the threat of explosive attacks aggressively by coordinating Federal, State, local, territorial, and tribal government efforts and collaborating with the owners and operators of critical infrastructure and key resources to deter, prevent, detect, protect against, and respond to explosive attacks, including the following:
(5) As soon as practicable and not later than 150 days after the effective date of this directive, the Attorney General, in coordination with the Secretary of Homeland Security and the heads of other Sector-Specific Agencies (as defined in HSPD‑7) and agencies that conduct explosive attack detection, prevention, protection, or response activities, shall submit to the President for approval, through the Assistant to the President for Homeland Security and Counterterrorism, a report, including a national strategy and recommendations, on how more effectively to deter, prevent, detect, protect against, and respond to explosive attacks, including the coordination of Federal Government efforts with State, local, territorial, and tribal governments, first responders, and private sector organizations. The report shall include the following:
(6) Not later than 90 days after the President approves the report, the Attorney General, in coordination with the Secretaries of Defense and Homeland Security and the heads of other Sector-Specific Agencies (as defined in HSPD‑7) and agencies that conduct explosive attack detection, prevention, protection, or response activities, shall develop an implementation plan. The implementation plan shall implement the policy set forth in this directive and any recommendations in the report that are approved by the President, and shall include measures to (a) coordinate the efforts of Federal, State, local, territorial, and tribal government entities to develop related capabilities, (b) allocate Federal grant funds effectively, (c) coordinate training and exercise activities, and (d) incorporate, and strengthen as appropriate, existing plans and procedures to communicate accurate, coordinated, and timely information regarding a potential or actual explosive attack to the public, the media, and the private sector. The implementation plan shall include an implementation timetable, shall be effective upon the approval of the plan by the Attorney General, and shall be implemented by the heads of agencies as specified in the plan.
Roles and Responsibilities
(7) The Attorney General, in coordination with the Secretary of Homeland Security and the Director of National Intelligence, shall maintain and make available to Federal, State, local, territorial, and tribal law enforcement entities, and other first responders at the discretion of the Attorney General, a web‑based secure portal that includes information on incidents involving the suspected criminal misuse of explosives, including those voluntarily reported by State, local, territorial, and tribal authorities.
(8) The Secretary of Homeland Security, in coordination with the Attorney General, the Director of National Intelligence, and the Secretaries of State and Defense, shall maintain secure information-sharing systems that make available to law enforcement agencies, and other first responders at the discretion of the Secretary of Homeland Security, information, including lessons learned and best practices, concerning the use of explosives as a terrorist weapon and related insurgent war fighting tactics, both domestically and internationally, for use in enhancing the preparedness of Federal, State, local, territorial, and tribal government personnel to deter, prevent, detect, protect against, and respond to explosive attacks in the United States.
(9) The Secretary of Homeland Security, in coordination with the Attorney General, the Secretary of Defense, and the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, shall coordinate Federal Government research, development, testing, and evaluation activities relating to the detection and prevention of, protection against, and response to explosive attacks and the development of explosives render-safe tools and technologies. The heads of all other agencies that conduct such activities shall cooperate with the Secretary of Homeland Security in carrying out such responsibility.
(10) This directive: