E-Gov & IT Related Legislation Overview
The E-Government Act of 2002
The E-Government Act of 2002 aims to enhance the management and promotion of Electronic Government services and processes by establishing a Federal Chief Information Officer within the Office of Management and Budget, and by establishing a broad framework of measures that require using Internet-based information technology to enhance citizen access to Government information and services, and for other purposes.
Government Paperwork Elimination Act of 1998 (GPEA)
The Government Paperwork Elimination Act (GPEA) requires Federal agencies to allow the option of submitting information or transacting business with them electronically. Agencies must implement this electronic option by October 21, 2003.
GPEA is intended to help citizens gain one-stop access to existing Government information and services, provide better, more efficient service, and increase Government accountability to citizens. Also, the law encourages Federal agencies to use a range of electronic alternatives.
Clinger-Cohen Act of 1996
In 1996, recognizing the importance of information technology for effective government, the Congress and President enacted the Information Technology Management Reform Act and the Federal Acquisition Reform Act. These two Acts, together known as the Clinger-Cohen Act, require the heads of Federal agencies to link IT investments to agency accomplishments. The Clinger-Cohen Act also requires that agency heads establish a process to select, manage and control their IT investments.
Federal Acquisition Streamlining Act of 1994, Title V (FASA V)
There are two major components of the Federal Acquisition Streamlining Act Title V (FASA V). First, agencies must demonstrate sound decision-making and a results-oriented focus when planning for projects. Second, agencies must effectively manage ongoing programs to achieve intended results.
Government Performance Results Act of 1993 (GPRA)
The Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA) seeks to shift the focus of government decision making and accountability away from a preoccupation with the activities that are undertaken - such as grants dispensed or inspections made - to a focus on the results of those activities, such as real gains in employability, safety, responsiveness, or program quality. Under the Act, agencies are to develop multiyear strategic plans, annual performance plans, and annual performance reports.