June 23, 1999
MEMORANDUM FOR THE
HEADS OF DEPARTMENTS AND AGENCIES
||Security of Federal Automated Information Resources
A number of agencies
have recently experienced the intentional disruption of their
Internet website operations. The impact of these disruptions has
ranged from minor nuisance to significant interruption of service.
The purpose of this
memorandum is to remind agencies that, consistent with the principles
embodied in OMB Circular A-130, Appendix III, "Security of Federal
Automated Information Resources," they must continually assess
the risk to their computer systems and maintain adequate security
commensurate with that risk. Therefore, as soon as practicable,
please conduct a review of your security practices to ensure that
you have in place a process that permits program officials and
security managers to understand the risk to agency systems and
take necessary steps to mitigate it. This process should include
specific procedures to ensure the timely implementation of security
patches for known vulnerabilities, especially for those systems
that are accessible via the Internet. Installing such patches
is a proven way of avoiding disruptions to systems. Please report
back to me within 90 days on your agency's process along with
the name of the official responsible for its implementation.
There are a number
of security resources available to assist agencies in meeting
their security responsibilities. Under the Computer Security Act
of 1987, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
is responsible for issuing specific guidance to agencies regarding
security controls for unclassified systems. A complete collection
of that guidance, may be found at NIST's Computer Security Resources
Clearinghouse website (http://csrc.nist.gov).
Among other issuances, NIST's Information Technology Laboratory
(ITL) produces a periodic bulletin that provides up-to- date,
thoroughly researched information on significant security issues.
The subject of the May 1999 bulletin is especially timely -- computer
attacks and prevention measures.
An important security
resource for agencies maintaining externally accessible systems
is GSA's Federal Incident Response Capability (FedCIRC). FedCIRC
issues security advisories and offers free baseline services such
as incident response and other, fee-based services such as on-site
recovery and audit trail analysis. Additional information on FedCIRC's
activities is available at their website (http://www.fedcirc.gov).
To assist agencies
in complying with Circular A-130, Appendix III, I encourage each
agency to avail themselves of NIST's and GSA's expertise in this
important area and ensure that the ITL Bulletin and GSA's advisories
are widely distributed throughout each agency and recommended
actions are pursued as appropriate.
Please direct any
questions your staff might have on this memorandum to Glenn Schlarman.
He may be reached at 202-395-3514 or email@example.com.