strongly opposes H.R. 1646 as reported by the House International
Relations Committee. This bill authorizes appropriations for FYs 2002
and 2003 primarily for the Department of State and the Broadcasting
Board of Governors (BBG), and contains other foreign relations provisions.
If the bill were presented to the President in its current form, he
would veto it principally because it overturns the Administration's
family planning policy (commonly known as the "Mexico City" policy)
and would allow taxpayer funds to go to international organizations
which perform abortions and engage in abortion advocacy. The bill
also includes a substantial number of provisions that interfere with
the President's constitutional authorities and responsibilities with
respect to foreign affairs.
1646 - Foreign Relations Authorization Act,
Fiscal Years 2002 and 2003
(Hyde (R) IL and Lantos (D) CA)
Administration recognizes and appreciates that the bill provides
funding authorizations at levels generally in accord with the Administration's
budget submissions, including the vitally important increases for
embassy security to improve support for, and the safety of, U.S.
Government personnel assigned abroad with their families.
Administration strongly supports section 601 of the bill, which
implements understandings on the need for substantial reforms at
the United Nations. While H.R. 1646 codifies the reduced rates that
the United States is assessed for U.N. peacekeeping and operating
budgets, the Administration supports amending section 601(d) to
allow the repeal of the 25 percent statutory cap relating to U.N.
peacekeeping to begin in 2001 in order to avoid unnecessarily incurring
additional arrears to the U.N. Absent such action, the United States
is estimated to accrue new arrears in excess of $75 million.
Administration opposes the earmark authorization for UNESCO because
the Administration has not yet reviewed the question of UNESCO membership.
In addition, it is not part of the Administration's FY 2002 budget
Administration will work with the Congress to eliminate from the
bill objectionable provisions, including unproductive reporting
requirements and earmarks, provisions that limit flexibility in
the conduct of the Nation's foreign affairs and, above all, Sections
131-133, which would allow taxpayer funds to go to international
organizations which perform abortions and engage in abortion advocacy.
In addition, the Administration will work with Congress to modify
the limited number of appropriations authorizations that are significantly
above the Administration's FY 2002 Budget request.
Inconsistent with the Constitution
provisions that conflict with the constitutional authority granted
to the President include:
Section 235, which seeks to direct U.S. policy toward Jerusalem,
including directing the President to place the U.S. Ambassador
in charge of the U.S. consulate in Jerusalem and eliminates funding
all State Department operations in Israel if the President fails
so. In addition, the provision is not conducive to a constructive
diplomatic outcome in a particularly sensitive and difficult negotiating
Section 304, which requires the Department of State to designate
Coordinator for Tibet to undertake certain diplomatic negotiations.
Section 603, which directs the President to ensure that the U.S.
speaks and votes a particular way on a foreign affairs matter
Section 814, which requires annual consultations with certain
Interfering with Effective Conduct of Foreign Affairs or Proper
Section 233, which requires the State Department to reopen an
or consulate in Equatorial Guinea.
Section 302, which requires the State Department to establish
cumbersome processes for right-sizing of the Federal Government's
overseas presence. The Administration has initiated a comprehensive
effort on this issue and welcomes the Committee's support for
rightsizing. It does, however, believe it should have discretion
organize this effort as appropriate.
Section 305, which establishes a U.S. Special Envoy for Sudan
and directs that officer in the conduct of that officer's work.
Section 402, which authorizes the Secretary of State to establish
private nonprofit entities that are not government instrumentalities,
appoint the governing board of such entities, pay certain administrative
costs, and solicit contributions for such entities.
Section 813, which requires Taiwan to be treated as a non-NATO
transfers of defense articles or services under the Arms Export
1646 would affect receipts and direct spending; therefore, it is
subject to the pay-as-you-go requirement of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation
Act (OBRA) of 1990. OMB's preliminary scoring estimate is under
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