|The White House
President George W. Bush
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For Immediate Release
Office of the Press Secretary
April 2, 2002
President Announces Early Childhood Initiative
Pennsylvania State University, Delaware County
In Focus: Early Childhood Education
2:43 P.M. EST
THE PRESIDENT: Gosh, thanks for that warm welcome. It's an honor for me to be here today to talk about a subject that's dear to my heart and a subject very important to the country, which is the education of every child in America.
I just had the honor of meeting with a panel of experts from not only the state of Pennsylvania, but from around the country: teachers, soon to be teachers, people who deeply care about the education of every single person. And I want to thank them for their input. I want to thank them so very much for their idealism. And I want to thank you for your commitment to our country.
Three months ago I had the honor of signing what is called the no child left behind act. It's a piece of education reform, and I believe we'll have -- it was the beginning of a new era of education in America. Through high standards and accountability, we're going to make sure that every school in America is ready to teach.
Now we must take another essential step. We must make sure that every child enter school ready to learn -- every child -- not just one, not just a few, but every, single child. On this issue we know what works and we know our responsibilities. And as parents, teachers and care givers, we must give our children the life-long gift of early learning. And today, I'm here to outline specific measures to help meet that goal.
Before I do so, I want to say how sorry I am that my wife, Laura, isn't with me. The reason why is because early childhood education has been a life-long mission of hers. In Texas and in Washington, she is a strong advocate for reading to our nation's youngest children. She will work to bridge the gaps between scientists, policymakers and care givers on this issue. I'm grateful for her leadership. America is beginning to understand why I asked her to marry me. (Laughter.) A lot of people are still wondering why she said yes. (Laughter.)
I'm also honored to be traveling today with Rod Paige, who's the Secretary of Education. You know, when I came to -- I was trying to figure out who best to serve in that important position. I wanted somebody who had worked in the trenches. Rod was the superintendent of schools in the Houston Independent School District. He believed in setting high standards for every child and believed strongly in accountability. And his record was a good one, because more and more children were learning.
And so I'm honored that Rod took time out of his life to come up to Washington, D.C., to serve our nation, and he's doing a fine, fine job. (Applause.)
I want to thank Dr. Spanier, Graham Spanier, for his hospitality. It's good to see you again, sir, and thank you for being the President of Penn State. (Applause.)
I want to thank Ed Tomezsko, Dr. Tomezsko, for his hospitality on this beautiful campus. Thanks for letting us come. (Applause.)
I appreciate my friend the Senator from Pennsylvania, Arlen Specter, for being here as well. Thank you. (Applause.) The governor of Pennsylvania, Mark Schweiker, is here. Thank you, Governor, appreciate you being here. (Applause.) And I want to thank the Attorney General, Mike Fisher, for being here as well. (Applause.) And I want to thank my friend, the Congressman, from this part of the country, Curt Weldon. I appreciate you being here, sir. (Applause.)
It's a constant reminder to America that one way to fight evil is to do some good. If you're interested in helping our country, love a neighbor like you would like to be loved yourself. Today, out at the airport, I got the honor of meeting a fellow named Stan Braxton. Stan used to work for IBM. And he's retired, but he hasn't quit working. Because what he decided to do was to help make people's lives better. He works in an after-school program. He provides technical assistance to nonprofit organizations in the Philadelphia area.
I appreciate you coming, Stan. Do you mind standing up for a second? Thank you for coming. (Applause.)
Out of this incredible evil done to our country is going to come some good. I truly believe it. And part of the good is that the armies and the soldiers -- the soldiers in the armies of compassion are going to increase all around America. More Stans will say, what can I do to help America? Stan is a living example of somebody who puts service to mankind ahead of his retirement, for example. And so, Stan, thank you for serving as a great example for our country. (Applause.)
You need to know that even though the subject of today's talk is early childhood development, I am going to be relentless and tireless in our pursuit of justice and to make sure the homeland is secure. We fight for not only the security of our country, we fight for freedom. We love freedom in America, and we will defend freedom at all costs. (Applause.)
And we long for peace. We want peace all around the world. In order to make sure the world is peaceful, we must stand strong against terror and rout out terror wherever it exists. And as the war continues, though, it is important for our nation to remember we have other important responsibilities. As we fight to defend our ideals, we must also work to realize those ideals.
We stand for equal opportunity. It's one of the ideals we believe in, in America. And equal opportunity demands schools that are effective and excellent. We must give all our children, every single child in America, the basics of knowledge and character. And we must leave no child behind.
My administration will not be distracted from these goals. As we fight for freedom, I also understand that freedom means no child in America will be left behind. The new civil right in America is reading. We made a tremendous start in our country when it comes to education reform, because of the hard work of both Republicans and Democrats. I signed a significant piece of legislation that sets high standards, requires assessment in grades three through eight, accountability, to determine whether or not our children are actually learning. And if they are, we will have the basis to praise the teachers who are working tirelessly to see so. But if not, we'll have the capacity to correct problems early, before it's too late.
This bill offers new resources to schools, a lot of new resources to encourage success, and options for parents in the case of failure. Accountability is now at the center of American education, because we believe every child can learn in America. We don't accept excuses, and we want to make sure no child is left behind.
Yet, for accountability and annual assessments to mean something, all children must start school with the basic skills necessary for learning. In order for this piece of reform to really work, we've got to make sure that every child starts at the same point. If we expect achievement from every child, all our children need to begin school with an equal chance at achievement, is what I'm saying.
Every child must have an equal place at the starting line. Not some children, not just those who live in rural Pennsylvania and not those who live in urban Pennsylvania or vice-versa: every child. That is the national goal.
From years of research -- and, as I say, this campus has today hosted some of the great researchers in America -- we know what an equal chance at achievement means. It certainly means encouraging a child's social and emotional development. No question about that. But it also means that children, before entering school, know letters of the alphabet and begin to know the sounds these letters make.
They must learn what the written word looks like, and must build a strong vocabulary. And they must be excited about reading, because they've seen others do it. The way to make a child excited about reading is for them to watch others read -- like their parents. Reading is the foundation for all of learning. And that foundation is built early by exposing young children to the wonders of books and the uses of language. Reading to a child early and often can change a child's life.
Like many parents, Laura and I saw this firsthand. Ever since our twins, our twin daughters were toddlers, we would read to them at every possible opportunity. Sometimes when I sleep at night I think of "Hop on Pop." (Laughter.) We found it to be fun. And it's important for parents to understand that it's a part of the responsibility for being a good mom or a dad to read to your children.
But it's more than just fun. It is a vital pre-school learning experience. Consider this amazing finding: 10th grade reading scores can be predicted with surprising accuracy from a child's knowledge of the alphabet in kindergarten. Think about that. We can pretty well predict how well a child will read in the 10th grade if that child has been given a -- whether or not the child has been given a good education early in his or her life.
A child who cannot identify the letters of the alphabet in his or her first year of school runs a real risk of staying behind in school throughout her or his career. We cannot accept this in America. To close the achievement gap in our schools, we must close the early childhood education gap in our society. Today, I pledge my administration's support in working with parents and families, Head Start and child care centers and our states to achieve this goal.
Every child who goes to school, every single child, must be ready to learn. As many of you know, as I mentioned, parents play a huge role, play the most important role. A parent is a child's first and most influential teacher -- for many children, their only teacher until kindergarten.
For most parents, helping their child learn is a joy, it's not a chore. Yet, learning activities really are not common enough. And we must encourage parents in this essential responsibility of preparing their children to learn. We must help them.
Many parents wish their children came with an instruction manual. All new parents need good information about child development. that's for sure. So later this month, Laura will be launching a series of booklets based on the best scientific research that give suggestions on child development at crucial early stages of a child's life.
I've asked the Secretaries of Education and Health and Human Services and Agriculture to make these publications widely available to families with newborns all across the country. These publications will be offered through a variety of programs that serve our nation's families: WIC clinics, state departments of education, state health and human service agencies.
The White House and these agencies will also have these booklets ready, available on line. I want to thank Laura and those who have helped her design these books for working hard to make this an incredibly important issue in America. And all these efforts will promote early childhood learning where it matters most -- right there in the home.
After parents, Head Start centers have some of the greatest potential to encourage early childhood learning. Many of them are already doing a terrific job. We had a chance to hear from one such center today.
Laura and I were deeply impressed by the Margaret Cone Center in Dallas, Texas, which uses a curriculum rich in pre-reading and vocabulary development activities. Before this curriculum was introduced in 1994, graduating classes who left the Cone Center and entered the local public schools scored as low as the 21st percentile on the Iowa Test of Basic Skills. After 1994, after this scientific-based curriculum had been introduced, Cone classes have scored as high as the 94th percentile in vocabulary and reading.
It matters what the curriculum is in these centers. Head Start centers are a federal responsibility, and we're determined to encourage the kind of quality that we see in centers such as the Cone Center. We must focus Head Start on the pre-reading and language development of children.
So the Department of Health and Human Services will implement an accountability system for every Head Start center in America. In addition to providing essential health and social services, centers must enhance activities for children to acquire language and number skills. These activities can and should be done in ways that are appropriate for younger children, in ways that work.
Every Head Start center in America must teach these skills and must demonstrate that its teaching is effective. We want to make sure that we understand -- that the Head Start programs understand we know what works. We want to measure the input. We want to say that, in return for federal taxpayers help, we expect you to be providing the foundation for reading and math.
And to help Head Start centers meet these standards, we'll begin a major new effort to prepare Head Start teachers. In order for this to work, we must give our Head Start teachers the tools necessary to meet our goal. Our goal is to reach the nearly 50,000 Head Start teachers over the next 12 months by giving them the tools necessary to teach basic skills to our children.
This summer the Department of Health and Human Services will give intensive, research-based training to 2,500 early literacy specialists, who will then instruct Head Start teachers around the country. And starting today, we'll distribute a guidebook for early childhood educators and care givers. It's called, "Teaching Our Youngest." It contains proven teaching activities to help children develop their language abilities, increase their knowledge, and discover a love for books and reading and learning.
We're also asking states to do their part. The federal government provides states with considerable funds for child care. In fact, over the past decade, federal funding for early childhood programs has nearly tripled. Yet, many children are still showing up in kindergarten not ready to learn. That's going to change.
We propose that states receiving these federal funds must submit a plan to promote early childhood education. States must take steps to provide pre-kindergarten programs with guidelines on pre-reading and literacy skills, and they must have a plan to expand the training of child care and preschool teachers in their state.
Just as states care about health and safety of children's bodies, they must also care about the health and progress of the children's minds. I know your governor cares a lot about that here in Pennsylvania. (Applause.)
Anyone who is serious about educational reform must be serious about early childhood education. If we want all our children reading by the 3rd grade -- and that's what we want -- then all our children must be ready to learn on their first day of school. This will require Americans to work together -- families, teachers, care givers, civic groups, along with government -- on every level.
I look forward to working with leaders in Congress on this important issue, especially Senators Kennedy and Gregg, and Congressmen Boehner and Miller. Here's what I think: where America's children are concerned, there is no Republicans or Democrats. Only moms and dads, grandpas and grandmas, all eager to help our youngest citizens succeed.
As we try harder to serve our children better, we ought to keep in mind the wise words of Theodore Geisel -- he, better-known as Dr. Seuss, the guy who wrote "Hop On Pop." (Laughter.) "Children want the same things we want, to laugh, to be challenged, to be entertained and delighted." We want our children, even the youngest children in America, to be challenged and entertained and delighted by learning.
This is a responsibility of every parent, and it's a great calling for our great country. Thank you for coming, and may God bless. (Applause.)
END 3:04 P.M. EST