|The White House
President George W. Bush
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For Immediate Release
Office of the Press Secretary
November 28, 2001
President Signs Commerce Appropriations Bill
Statement by the President on H.R. 2500
*NOTE: THE 11TH PARAGRAPH OF THIS RELEASE REVISES THE ELEVENTH PARAGRAPH OF A RELEASE ISSUED EARLIER ON H.R. 2500
Today I have signed into law H.R. 2500, the "Department of Commerce, Justice, State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2002."
I appreciate the bipartisan effort that has gone into producing this Act. The bill abides by the agreed upon aggregate funding level for Fiscal Year 2002 of $686 billion and supports several of my Administration's key initiatives including:
-- $100 million to support a backlog elimination initiative to achieve a
universal six-month processing standard for all immigration
-- 570 additional Immigration and Naturalization Service agents to
protect our Northern and Southern borders;
-- $50 million grant program in the Office of Justice Programs to aid
counties along the Southwestern border with their costs of detaining
and prosecuting drug cases referred to them by Federal law enforcement
-- $50 million for drug courts, which provide a supervised treatment
alternative to prison sentences for non-violent drug possession
offenders, to enable Federal assistance to over 120 new or existing
drug court programs. To date, over 57,000 offenders have completed
drug court programs, and their recidivism rate is much lower than that
of comparable offenders;
-- $15 million for grants to create community-based task forces for
reducing youth violence and to assist State and local prosecution of
firearms offenses, and $9 million for the U.S. Attorneys to hire
dedicated prosecutors who will appropriately prosecute juvenile gun
offenders and those who supply them with guns;
-- $20 million to assist State and local law enforcement agencies with
the costs associated with methamphetamine laboratory clean-up; and,
-- $5 million for a faith-based prison pre-release pilot project to
reduce the rate at which ex-offenders are returned to prison through
intensive counseling and family and community transition instruction.
In addition, at this critical time, when we are mounting a world-wide effort to defeat terrorism, I appreciate that this bill provides significant new funding for our Federal law enforcement agencies in the Department of Justice, our diplomatic operations overseas, and for enhanced embassy security.
I note that Section 612 of the bill sets forth certain requirements regarding the organization of the Department of Justice's efforts to combat terrorism. This provision raises separation of powers concerns by improperly and unnecessarily impinging upon my authority as President to direct the actions of the Executive Branch and its employees. I therefore will construe the provision to avoid constitutional difficulties and preserve the separation of powers required by the Constitution.
Section 626 would require the President to submit a legislative proposal to establish a program for the compensation of victims of international terrorism. I will apply this provision consistent with my constitutional responsibilities. In addition, subsection (c) of that section purports to remove Iran's immunity from suit in a case brought by the 1979 Tehran hostages in the District Court for the District of Columbia. To the maximum extent permitted by applicable law, the Executive Branch will act, and encourage the courts to act, with regard to Subsection 626(c) of the bill in a manner consistent with the obligations of the United States under the Algiers Accords that achieved the release of U.S. hostages in 1981.
Section 630 prohibits the use of appropriated funds for cooperation with, or assistance or other support to, the International Criminal Court (ICC) or its Preparatory Commission. While Section 630 clearly reflects that Congress agrees with my Administration that it is not in the interests of the United States to become a party to the ICC treaty, I must note that this provision must be applied consistent with my constitutional authority in the area of foreign affairs, which, among other things, will enable me to take actions to protect U.S. nationals from the purported jurisdiction of the treaty.
In addition, several other provisions of the bill unconstitutionally constrain my authority regarding the conduct of diplomacy and my authority as Commander-in-Chief. I will apply these provisions consistent with my constitutional responsibilities.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
November 28, 2001.
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