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This page is an introduction to online health-related resources from the US government and is comprised of the following major sections:
Leading Causes of Death in America
The leading causes of death in America include Heart Disease, Cancer, Preventable Injuries, and Infectious Diseases.
The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute at the National Institutes of Health is dedicated to improving public knowledge about heart disease, and preventing heart disease and stroke. The institute's Live Healthier, Live Longer Web site provides online information on how to reduce cholesterol levels to prevent heart disease. The institute also provides an online guide to lowering blood pressure and information about how to maintain a healthy weight
The National Center for Injury Prevention and Control at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention works to reduce the disabilities, deaths and costs associated with injuries. The center supports the Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System, which provides customized injury-related data. CDC also provides consumer safety information on its Safe USA Web site.
The CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health was created to research and make recommendations for preventing work-related injuries. The online service includes a fact sheet about the usefulness of back belts, information on the Health Hazard Evaluation Program, and a Guide to Chemical Hazards
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration, a program agency of the Department of Labor, is dedicated to setting and enforcing workplace safety standards. Its online service includes information on filing a complaint with OSHA, free consultation services, and the Asbestos Advisor.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention are dedicated to the promotion of a healthier quality of life through prevention and controlling of disease, injury, and disability. The National Center for Infectious Diseases is an agency of the CDC committed to the control of existing and emerging infectious diseases. A list of new, reemerging, and drug resistant infections, an online version of the Journal of Emerging Infectious Diseases, and the agency's strategy for preventing emerging infectious diseases are available. On the CDC Hospital Infection Control Page is information about preventing the spread of infectious diseases, including HIV, in hospitals Aerosols and and information on universal precautions and protective barriers used in infection control. The CDC prevention guidelines database provides information about preventing diseases. General immunization information is also available.
The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases at the National Institutes of Health provides support for scientists researching ways to better diagnose, treat and prevent infectious diseases. NIAID has developed a Global Health Research Plan for HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Tuberculosis; a Strategic Plan for Addressing Health Disparities.
Helping people stay healthy and manage their own health is a top priority. The Department of Health and Human Services provides easy access to health information from all Federal agencies and other reliable organizations through healthfinder®. It includes special sections for children and Spanish-speaking people. The National Institutes of Health offers comprehensive information on numerous health issues. Top health priorities for individuals and communities over the decade are featured on the Healthy People 2010 site. In addition, CDC's National Immunization Program provides information and resources for parents, health care professionals, and the public on immunization recommendations and vaccine preventable diseases.
The Department of Health and Human Services is the United States government's principal agency for protecting the health of all Americans. Current research and data are provided to help increase understanding of health and social services. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality provides information for consumers and professionals about the quality of health care. The Administration on Aging and the Aging Network were created to provide support and services to our nation's older persons. The Indian Health Service provides individual and public health services to American Indians and Alaska Natives of federally recognized tribes. The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (formerly known as the Health Care Financing Administration) administers the Medicare and Medicaid programs and provides information on related topics. Information about Medicare about Medicaid are available online. The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration provides online confidential substance abuse and mental health treatment locator services.
Health and Environment
The Food and Drug Administration promotes and protects the public health by helping safe and effective products reach the market in a timely way, and monitoring products for continued safety after they are in use. FDA-regulated products include common food ingredients, medical and surgical devices, lifesaving drugs, and radiation-emitting consumer and medical products.
FDA safeguards the nation's food by making sure that all ingredients are safe and that products are free of contaminants. Medical products such as prescription and non-prescription drugs, blood products, vaccines, and tissues for transplantation and medical equipmentneed to be proven safe and effective before they can be used by patients. FDA also protects the public from unnecessary exposure to radiation from electronic productssuch as microwave ovens, cell phones, x-ray equipment and lasers.
The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciencesat NIH supports and conducts research to reduce the burden of environmentally caused illnesses. NIEHS provides a number of online fact sheets and pamphletsfor consumers on issues such as asthma and lead poisoning as well as an alphabetical listof environmental health topics. The institute screens substances that may cause disease and publishes the federal government's Report on Carcinogens
The United States Department of Agriculture oversees many programs aimed at improving the quality of life for all Americans. The mission of the Food and Consumer Service is to ensure access to nutritious, healthful diets for all Americans. Programs and resources under the FCS include the FCS Food Source Network - a public forum for FCS related discussions, Food Research and Evaluation Data, Team Nutrition - the school meals initiative for healthy children, and the National School Lunch Week Proclamation. The Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service ensures the health care of plants and animals as well as improving agricultural competitiveness and productivity. APHIS' Import-Export Directory contains information on import and export regulations. Also available online are traveler tips for bringing materials into the U.S. and biotechnology information, including a section about genetically altered foods.
The Environmental Protection Agency is responsible for executing Federal environmental protection laws. The EPA provides a list of programs aimed at environmental protection. These include the Acid Rain Program, Energy Star Programs, the Stratospheric Ozone Protection Program, and Wetlands Protection. Consumer information is also available from the EPA, including: the UV Index document, the Energy Star Computer Products Listing, and the Radon Publications.
The U.S. Geological Survey's Environment Page advocates that understanding the conditions and functions of environmental systems and the factors that are changing them is an important function of the USGS scientific mission. Highlights of the USGS online service include The Global Change and Climate History Program, Environmental Affairs Program, and Radon Research.
The U.S. Department of Energy's Biological and Environmental Research supports biological and environmental research projects, including The Human Genome Project -- aimed at characterizing the human genome --, the Global Change Research Programs -- aimed at measuring and predicting changes in the global environment --, and the Protecting Human Subjects Program.
Alcohol, Smoking, and Drug Information
The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration's National Clearinghouse for Alcohol and Drug Information is the world's largest resource for web-based alcohol and drug abuse information - focusing not only on treatment issues, but also prevention.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's online Tobacco Information and Prevention Source(TIPS) includes data and resources on how to quit smoking.
The National Institute on Drug Abuse is an agency of the National Institutes of Health dedicated to bringing science resources to the problem of drug abuse and addiction. The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism conducts and supports research into the causes, consequences, treatments and prevention of alcoholism and alcohol-related problems.
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