On July 6, President Bush met with Prime Minister Fukuda at Toyako, in Hokkaido,
Japan. This was their second meeting since Prime Minister Fukuda took office last
In their meeting, the two leaders continued to build on the strong alliance
between the United States and Japan and agreed to work closely together to tackle
critical African health and food security challenges.
The United States And Japan Pledged To Cooperate On Key Health Challenges
Health Workers: President Bush and Prime Minister Fukuda identified
health worker training and workforce development in certain African countries
to be a high priority over the next five years, with the aim of working toward
the World Health Organizations threshold goal of 2.3 health workers
per 1,000 people. As announced previously, the United States will be working
through the Presidents Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) to support
health worker training in a number of African countries. Japan will train
100,000 health workers in Africa over five years, as announced at the Fourth
Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD IV).
Polio: President Bush and Prime Minister Fukuda resolved to
work closely together and with the G-8 and other partners to support the Global
Polio Eradication Initiative. These efforts will include increased advocacy
for countries to complete the job of stopping polio transmission in endemic
countries, re-infected countries and polio-free countries; encouraging routine
immunizations to reduce the number of susceptible children; and sustaining
Malaria: President Bush and Prime Minister Fukuda reiterated
their commitment to cooperating on reducing malaria-related deaths through
such measures as expanding access to long-lasting insecticide-treated nets
in Africa. As major donors to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis
and Malaria, the United States and Japan both encourage their G-8 partners
to fulfill past promises to reduce malaria-related deaths by 50 percent in
the 30 highest-burden countries in Africa. In partnering with other stakeholders,
the United States and Japan will work to encourage local manufacturing of
high-quality mosquito nets and to promote the distribution and use of those
nets, especially to children under five and pregnant women.
Neglected Tropical Diseases: President Bush and Prime Minister
Fukuda committed to reducing the burden of Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs).
As announced in February 2008, the United States program will work over five
years to fight the seven diseases that can be addressed through mass drug
administration. Japan will continue to tackle NTDs through such measures as
enhancing access to safe water and sanitation, as well as technical assistance
to raise awareness, building on its past achievements in this area.
The United States And Japan Will Work Together To Enhance Food Security
President Bush and Prime Minister Fukuda committed the United States and
Japan to work together in support of the Comprehensive Africa Agricultural
Development Program (CAADP), in key countries where our programs can mutually
reinforce each other and achieve measurable results. The key countries will
include Ghana, Senegal, and Mali, and this effort will involve working in
regional partnership with the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS).
Our programs will jump-start a significant supply response by working toward
the goal of doubling production of key food staples including rice in Sub-Saharan
Africa and by assisting with inputs such as fertilizer and seeds. We will
also support the development of key trade and transport corridors necessary
to sustain trade in food staples and inputs. The United States and Japan will
also work together in various fora, including the World Trade Organization,
to urge the removal of policies that hinder food security, such as restrictions
on exports. We will also work with our G-8 partners in this effort.
President Bush and Prime Minister Fukuda also noted the importance of small
and medium size enterprises in Africa and confirmed their support for African
entrepreneurs, particularly in the agribusiness sector, by stressing the need
to provide increased access to capital, business development skills, as well
as the need for accelerated policy and market-based reforms at both the country
level and in sub-regional organizations.