For Immediate Release
Office of the Press Secretary
June 23, 2004
Fact Sheet: Extending and Improving the Lives of Those Living with HIV/AIDS
Today's Presidential Action
President Bush visited Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to discuss the
need for providing treatment to Americans living with HIV/AIDS, and to
highlight the work of faith-based and community organizations as they
seek to treat and care for Americans living with HIV/AIDS.
Today, the President announced:
- Immediate availability of $20 million in new funding to deliver life-saving drugs to the men and women in the United States living with HIV/AIDS who are waiting today for HIV-related medication;
- Support for the reauthorization of the Ryan White Comprehensive
AIDS Resources Emergency (CARE) Act based upon the principles of
focusing Federal resources on life-extending care; ensuring flexibility
to target resources to address areas of greatest need; and ensuring
- Second distribution of available funding for the focus countries
of the Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief -- $500 million -- will soon
be on its way to organizations working in the field to provide
antiretroviral therapy, promote prevention, care for orphans, and build
the health system capacity in Africa and the Caribbean; and
- Vietnam as the 15th focus country in the Emergency Plan.
The President's continued commitment to combating HIV/AIDS
domestically is reinforced in his budget for FY 2005 with $17.1 billion
in funding for domestic AIDS research, care, prevention, and treatment
-- an increase of 27% since 2001. The President has increased funding
for Global HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria from $840 million in FY
2001 to a request of $2.8 billion in FY 2005 -- which more than triples
the investment since 2001.
Background on Today's Presidential Action
Care and Treatment. Too many Americans with HIV/AIDS go without life-saving drugs. For those States that have reported patients
waiting today for HIV-related medication through the AIDS Drug
Assistance Program, the President has committed $20 million in new
funding effective immediately to deliver lifesaving medications to men
and women living with HIV/AIDS. The President supports the Ryan White
CARE Act reauthorization and seeks to strengthen the program using the
following principles as guidelines:
- Focus Federal resources on life-extending care, such as
anti-retroviral drugs, doctor visits, and lab tests.
- Provide greater flexibility to better target Ryan White CARE Act
resources to address areas of greatest need.
- Encourage the participation of any provider, including faith-based
and community organizations that show results, recognizing the need for
State and local planning, and ensuring accountability by measuring
Prevention and Research. HIV/AIDS remains a serious public health threat. The President has supported increases in other programs
helping Americans afflicted with HIV/AIDS: substance abuse treatment,
which helps to prevent transmission through intravenous drug use, and
Community Health Centers, which in low-income or rural areas, may
provide the only source of treatment and support to HIV-infected
individuals. The President continues to support efforts to promote
prevention while encouraging research to combat this deadly disease.
- Emphasizing Abstinence: Abstinence is the only sure way to prevent sexual transmission of AIDS and other sexually transmitted
diseases. In the President's 2004 State of the Union Address, he
called for a new emphasis on abstinence-only education, and doubling
the funding for abstinence-only programs.
- Encouraging Testing: Approximately 40,000 Americans become infected with HIV/AIDS each year. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that one-quarter of those infected with HIV do not know that they are infected, and that these individuals cause up to two-thirds of new infections. The FDA has facilitated the effort of
rapid HIV tests by approving a quicker and less invasive saliva test
- Global Vaccine Enterprise: Research is key to removing the
devastation caused by the disease. At the G-8 Summit in early June
2004, the President announced a global vaccine enterprise to bring a
strategic vision to global AIDS vaccine efforts.
- Easy-to-Use AIDS Medications: The Food and Drug Administration has announced a plan to rapidly approve low-cost easy-to-use AIDS medications. The FDA will make these low-cost drugs available for purchase under the Emergency Plan and through other providers.
- Lifting Barriers to AIDS Vaccine Development: Today, the
President continued to call on Congress to lift barriers to AIDS
vaccine development in the United States by providing liability
protection to private vaccine developers, and others involved in
researching cures to disease.
Confronting the International HIV/AIDS Pandemic
The President's FY 2005 budget requests $2.8 billion for fighting
AIDS globally, which more than triples the investment since 2001. In
his 2003 State of the Union Address, President Bush announced the
Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, a five-year, $15 billion initiative to
turn the tide in the global effort to combat the HIV/AIDS pandemic.
The HIV/AIDS pandemic has killed at least 20 million of the more than
60 million people it has infected thus far, leaving 14 million orphans
worldwide. Today, on the continent of Africa, nearly 30 million people
have the AIDS virus -- including three million children under the age
of 15. The President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief is helping some
of the most affected countries in Africa and the Caribbean to extend
and save lives afflicted by HIV/AIDS. The initiative will be used to
provide antiretroviral drugs for 2 million HIV-infected people; prevent
7 million new infections, care for 10 million individuals and orphans
infected and affected by the disease, and build the health system
capacity in Africa and the Caribbean.
The President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief
- The First Year: During this first year, the Emergency Plan is
providing care and support for approximately 1.1 million people and
facilitating access to antiretroviral therapy for approximately
200,000. The Emergency Plan is using proven prevention methods with
records of success, including the ABC model, bringing life-saving
treatment where none previously existed which encourages testing,
ensuring accountability by service providers, developing healthcare
systems through the network model and fighting stigma.
- Funding for People Most in Need: On February 23, 2004, the first $350 million in funding for the focus countries of the Emergency Plan was made available and began reaching people in need only two weeks later. The second distribution of funding -- $500 million -- will
continue to build on prevention, treatment, and care efforts. In
total, the Emergency Plan is spending $2.4 billion on global AIDS this
- 15th Country Added: Today, Vietnam has been added as the 15th focus country of the Emergency Plan. Vietnam is predicted to have an increase in HIV-infected persons from 130,000 in 2002 to one million by 2010, an eight-fold increase. Although still considered a localized
epidemic, emerging trends indicate that HIV infection is spreading to
the general population. Emergency Plan interventions through
non-governmental organizations could prevent at least 660,000 new
infections, and provide care for 65,000 people infected and affected by
HIV/AIDS, including treatment for 13,000 HIV-infected people.