For Immediate Release
Office of the Press Secretary
May 24, 2002
Fact Sheet: Threat Reduction Assistance
United States Government Nonproliferation/
Threat Reduction Assistance to Russia
From 1992-2002, the Departments of State, Defense and Energy Have
funded over $4.9 billion in nonproliferation and threat reduction
assistance to Russia. For FY 2002, United States Government
security-related assistance for Russia totals over $870 million.
The Administration review of nonproliferation assistance to
Russia, completed in December 2001, found that most programs are
effective and well run, some should be expanded and a few modified.
FY02 budget allocations reflect these decisions.
State Department FY02 funding is about $41 million for
nonproliferation efforts under the Science Center, Civilian Research
and Development Foundation (CRDF), Biological Weapons (BW) Expertise
Redirection and Export Control and Related Border Security assistance.
Some of this assistance cannot be obligated until Russia is certified
under FREEDOM Support Act Title V criteria or a waiver is authorized by
Congress and exercised by the President.
Congress increased Department of Energy funding with an FY02
Supplemental in addition to FY02 appropriations. Assistance increased
for Material Protection, Control and Accounting to $291 million;
Plutonium Disposition to $61 million; and Initiatives for Proliferation
Prevention (IPP) and Nuclear Cities Initiative to $57 million.
FY02 funding for DOD's Cooperative Threat Reduction (CTR)
Program is estimated at $400 million; with $307 million in Russian
programs. CTR continued funding Strategic Offensive Arms Elimination
and Chemical Weapons Destruction. CTR funds cannot be obligated until
Russia is certified as eligible to receive CTR aid or a waiver is
authorized by Congress and exercised by the President.
The Administration Review resulted in direction to transfer to
DOE the CTR project to eliminate weapons-grade plutonium production
($74 million) under the Plutonium Production Reactor Agreement. In
FY03, DOE will fund this effort. Also, Congress directed $30 million
be transferred from DOD/CTR to State for BW Redirection under the
FY03 request for threat reduction and nonproliferation
programs in former Soviet states is over $1 billion.