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The U.S. Commitment to the Afghan People
The State Departments Bureau of Population, Refugees and Migration (PRM) has already provided a total of $65 million to UN agencies, other international organizations and NGOs to assist Afghan refugees and conflict victims receive health and nutrition services, education for children, teacher training and safe water and sanitation facilities.
PRM has pledged an additional $52 million to support the repatriation and reintegration of Afghan refugees who wish to return to their communities.
In December alone, the WFP delivered 116,000 metric tons of foodmore than ever before in one month, anywhere in the world. Despite this tremendous success, there are still people in remote areas who need help.
The U.S. will continue to provide food assistance. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) will provide $45 million in food aid this fiscal year. USAID is providing more than $117 million in food assistance to Afghanistan in this fiscal year.
This includes funding the drilling of wells and rehabilitation of water sources, the installation of pipelines and the construction of hand pumps and pit latrines. Afghans have received water purification tablets, soap, and drinking water as well as education on safe hygiene practices, sanitation and waste disposal.
USAID, through the French humanitarian organization ACTED, rehabilitated the Salang Tunnel, thus opening a major supply route, allowing greater quantities of goods, services and humanitarian aid to flow more quickly from commercial centers to vulnerable populations. Innovative cash-for-work and food-for-work programs hire Afghans to complete necessary work, thus stimulating the local economy.
USAID is spending $1 million through Internews to train and equip local newspapers, radio and television stations, and Internet providers, as well as support journalist associations and freedom of expression organizations throughout Afghanistan.
USAID is providing funds to VOA for the salaries of 10 Afghan-, Dari-, and Pashto- speaking service correspondents to expand news coverage for the VOA inside Afghanistan.
Operations of the Afghanistan Interim Authority are being funded through the $4.5 billion that the nation received in pledges from international governments including Germany, Australia, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway, Russia, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States at an international conference.